Timeline of Statistics in Japan
|646||Laws governing the distribution of farmland, taxation, corvee, and trade established, first large-scale household census.|
|819||Survey and recording of living standards in the Kinai Region.|
|1582||Hideyoshi’s Land Tax (–1598).|
|1591||“People Sweep” household census taken.|
|1721||Survey of Farmland and Population.|
|1726||Regional Population Census.|
|1750||Regional Population Census.|
|1870||Main Office of the pre-constitutional Meiji government (Dajokan Seiin) releases a report on “Table of Prefectural Produce” (Origin of “Statistics Day”).|
|1871||Dajokan establishes Statistics Division.|
|1872||Nationwide Population Census based on the Family Register Law begins .”Shinmi Administration Tables” published. Dajokan establishes tabulation of topography section by establishing the branch section seiin.|
|1874||Seiin establishes Statistics Division. “Japan National Family Register Tables” published.||
Punching with Turtle Model
hand-key method punching machine
|1875||Seiin abolishes the Statistics Division and establishes Tabulation Division No.5.|
|1877||Tabulation becomes under the control of the Research Bureau.|
|1879||Sugi Koji conducts the “Population Survey of the Province of Kai”.|
|1881||Statistics Office established in the Dajokan. “Japanese National Population Tables” published.|
|1882||First “Statistical Yearbook” published.|
|1885||With the establishment of the Cabinet, the Statistics Office becomes the Cabinet Statistics Bureau.|
|1902||“Laws Governing the Population Census” promulgated.|
|1905||Establishment of occupational categories for use in population census.|
|1918||Population census taken.||
Poster for the 1st Population Census
|1920||The Cabinet Statistics Bureau and the Munitions Bureau merge. Census Office established within the Cabinet. First nationwide population census (October 1).|
|1924||Ministry of Home Affairs enacts the first labor survey.|
|1930||Tokyo hosts the 19th Session of the International Statistics Institute (ISI).|
|1931||Japan Statistical Society established.|
|1937||Cost of Living Index Data Survey begins.|
|1945||Census for this year skipped.|
|1946||Labor Force Survey begins. Family Income and Expenditure Survey begins.||
Labor Force Survey Poster
|1947||With the promulgation of the Statistics Law (May 1) the Population Census becomes regulated. With the establishment of the Prime Minister’s Agency, the Cabinet Statistics Bureau becomes the Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Agency.
First Establishment Census.
|1948||First Housing Survey.|
|1949||With the establishment of the Prime Minister’s Office, the data processing department, the Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Agency becomes the data processing department, the Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Office.|
|1950||Price Survey begins. First National Statistics Conference held in Tokyo.|
|1952||International standards established for economic statistics.
Unincorporated Enterprise Survey begins.
|1953||Research Institute Survey (later the Survey of Science and Technology) begins.|
|1954||Internal Migration of Registered Residents Report (later the Internal Migration Reporting System) begins.|
|1956||First Employment Status Survey.|
|1959||First National Survey of Family Income and Expenditure.
Family Savings Survey begins.
|1960||Tokyo hosts the 32nd Session of the International Statistics Institute (ISI).|
|1961||IBM 705 Electronic Data Processing Machine introduced.||
Tabulation by computer
|1965||Optical mark reader used for compilation of the tenth Population Census.|
|1967||First National Survey of Prices.|
|1969||The grid-square statistics begin to compile.|
|1973||October 18 set as “Statistics Day”.
Regional Infrastructure Survey begins.
|1974||Emergency Survey of Prices in response to the first Oil Shock.|
|1976||First Survey of Time Use and Leisure Activities. Japan’s System of Social and Demographic Statistics introduced.|
|1984||With the establishment of the Management and Coordination Agency, the Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Agency and the Office of the Director for Statistical Standards of the Administrative Management Agency are combined and reorganized to form the Statistics Bureau of the Management and Coordination Agency and the Statistics Center.|
|1987||Tokyo hosts the 46th Session of the International Statistics Institute (ISI).|
|1988||Revisions made to the “Statistics Law and Statistical Reports Coordination Law” including the expansion of provisions for data security.|
|1989||Statistical information database system (SISMAC) begins operation.
First Survey on Service Industries.
|1991||Ceremony held commemorating the 120th year of the Statistics Bureau.
The Statistical Museum established.
|1993||First Japan Land Survey.|
|1995||Income and Expenditure for Survey for One-Person Households begins.|
|1999||Information network (SWAN) connects prefectures and municipalities.|
|2000||OCR standard questionnaires used in the 17th Population Census.|
|2001||With the reorganization of Japan’s central government, the Statistics Bureau and the Statistics Center become part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC).
Statistics Information Exhibition (Statistics Plaza) opens in the Tokyo Tower Building.
Survey of Household Economy begins.
|2003||Statistics Center reorganized into an incorporated administrative agency, the National Statistics Center (NSTAC) (April 1).|
|2007||The revised Statistics Act was enforced.|
|2008||Inter-Ministry Information System for Official Statistics (IMISOS) begins operation.
First Monthly Survey on Service Industries.
|2009||First Economic Census for Business Frame.|
|2012||First Economic Census for Business Activity.|